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Citation Guide

This guide gives overviews and sample citations for MLA and APA citation styles.

APA Style Guide- Multimedia

Essential elements:

  • Author/producer- last name, first (or production company if no individual is stated)
  • Year of the video
  • Title of the video
  • Format (video file, DVD, streaming audio, etc.)
  • Web address or database, if online



General Format
Producer, First initial. Second initial. (Producer), & Director, First initial. Second initial. (Director). (Year). Title of the

motion picture [Motion Picture]. Country of origin: Studio.


Producer, First initial. Second initial. (Producer). (Year). Title of film [DVD]. City, State: Production Company.


Rivera, J. (Producer), & Docter, P. (Director). (2002). Monsters Inc. [Motion Picture]. California, CA: Buena

Vista Home Entertainment.

YouTube Video

Author Surname, First Initial. Second Initial. OR Author screen name. (Year, Month Day
{of video post}). Title of video [Video file]. Retrieved from (URL of specific video)

  Johnstone, H. (2015, January 20). How to Peel Garlic with a jar! Amazing! [Video

file]. Retrieved from

Video from a Library Database

Crump, James. (2015). Troublemakers: The Story of Land Art [Video file]. Retrieved from

No Author for Video from a Library Database

Media Rich Learning (2009). The Civil Rights Movement [Video file]. Retrieved from



Music Recording

Writer, First initial. (Copyright year). Title of song [Recorded by (First initial. Second initial.) Artist if different from writer]. On Title of album [Medium of recording: CD, record, cassette, etc.]. Location: Label. (Recording date if different from copyright date).


Taupin, B. (1975). Someone saved my life tonight [Recorded by Elton John]. On Captain fantastic and the brown dirt cowboy [CD]. London, England: Big Pig Music Limited.

Music from a Library Database

Title of Song [Medium]. (Copyright Year). Production/Record Company. (Year produced). Retrieved Month Day, Year, from Database Name.


Sing a Bluegrass Song [Streaming Audio]. (2011). Rebel. (2011). Retrieved February 25, 2016, from Music Online: American Song.